The Monitoring & Inspection Department handles the following responsibilities:
1- Design and implement programs to monitor the quality of air, water, and soil, as well as pinpoint sources and ratio of contamination and emissions generated by facilities, factories, and development projects. In this context, the Department is also responsible for proposing ways to improve the monitoring process, determine priority areas and measures to be taken to keep contaminations within tolerable levels in line with international standards, and submit regular reports on such matters.
2- Operate and manage the stations used to maintain the networks and systems that provides a live monitoring of the levels of concentrations of pollutants in the air, sea water, and soil, and determine the optimal locations for such stations. The Department is also expected to incorporate the necessary techniques and standards into the state’s monitoring station, and establish a designated database for this goal. Moreover, the Department is responsible for identifying indicators for the environmental situation, while regularly updating said indicators.
3- Operate and manage the environmental laboratory, carry out chemical, physical, and biological tests and inspections, both on-site and in the laboratories, with relation to environmental polluters and estimate their components and concentrations.
4- Devise policies, requirements, and a guide for the quality control of the machines used in environmental laboratories, as well as assess, categorize, and record environmental laboratories for accreditation in coordination with the relevant bodies.
5- Write reports that monitor industrial air pollutants, and how much fluid waste, exhausts, pollutants, and industrial waste are leaking to sea and soil water.
6- Follow up on the plans put in place to redress the issues found in facilities, factories, and development projects in order to issue and/or renew operating permits in coordination with the relevant bodies.
7- Design and implement programs for regular and surprise inspection to ensure that factories, facilities, and warehouses are following environmental conditions and requirements, as well as ensure that their permits are valid and have accurate data. In this context, the Department is also responsible for detecting environmental violations, working on removing the roots of such violations in coordination with the relevant bodies, and submitting regular reports on such matters.
8- Verify the accuracy record statement of facilities, as well as the validity of their permits, and review the regular environmental reports to ascertain whether or not environmental requirements are being followed.
9- Propose training programs to improve the efficiency and competence of inspectors.